Yoga Pose of the Month: Marjarasana

By Charlotte Bell

The Divine Feline stretch.

Every morning as I begin to stir, the three felines that share my sleeping hours begin to mobilize along with me. The promise of breakfast, of course, is the great motivator, but before breakfast—before they do anything else—they do a little cat yoga. They begin with Downward Facing Cat. Their front paws stretch forward and the stretch ripples its way up to the pinnacle of their bodies: their hips. Then they return to all fours, and their furry skin elongates and vibrates as they stretch each foreleg forward and each hind leg back. Often they arch their spines upward, reminiscent of a Halloween cat, minus the hissing.

From my human perspective, cat yoga (or dog yoga if you have canine companions) looks exquisitely natural and elemental. Cats stretch because it feels good, not because they’re hoping to accomp­lish a pose. There’s an authenticity to cat yoga that generates an internal “aaahhh” for me even as a mere spectator.

Why do dogs and cats always stretch upon arising? And why do many humans indulge in a horizontal bed stretch before we move toward vertical? Anatomist Gil Hedley says the stretching instinct is related to microscopic “fuzz” that forms over our muscles when we spend long periods immobile. This fuzz is actually an incipient form of loose connective tissue called fascia that covers muscle surfaces. Hedley posits that when we are immobile for long periods of time, the fuzz can start to thicken and form adhesions. We move and stretch to break up the formation of adhesions in the fuzz, so that the fascia can remain fluid and flexible, allowing our muscle surfaces to slide easily over one another. (You can watch Hedley’s short video, “The Fuzz Speech,” here:

This is why I instinctually begin my own yoga practice with slow, exploratory, fuzz-busting movements. I use Marjarasana (Cat/Cow Stretch) to warm up my spine and joints for the rest of my asana practice. Marja­rasana incorporates both flexion and extension (forward and back bending) of the spine. These two movements wake up the large postural muscles of the back and front bodies. However, the spine is also capable of rotating and moving laterally. These movements wake up the smaller spinal muscles. I add lateral and rotational movements  as well.

February, with its name based in the Latin febrire (to purify), is the month of purification. These simple stretches that free the spine to move in all possible directions also break up the accumulation of fuzz that can inhibit spinal movement. In a sense, the gentle, fluid movements of Marjarasana and its variations cleanse the fascia of potentially adhesive fuzz build-up. Cats and dogs know this intuitively. For humans, practicing Marjarasana with mindfulness and the spirit of investigation, can make our first morning stirrings just as divinely satisfying as those of our feline and canine friends.

Begin on all fours on a nonskid mat with your hands directly beneath your shoulders and knees directly beneath your hips. You may want to add a blanket or towel as extra padding for your knees. Notice how the weight is distributed across your hands and knees. Spread the hands and lengthen through the fingers.

yoga catForward bending

Slowly drop the tip of your tailbone, allowing your pelvis to tilt back. Allow your spine to round upward. Let the movement sequence up the back so that your head responds last by dropping toward the floor. Take a few deep breaths at your full forward bend to feel the elongation of your back.

yoga cowBack bending

Slowly lift the tip of your tailbone so that your pelvis begins to tip forward and you feel your lower spine dipping into your back. Again, allow this movement to sequence up the spine so that your head is the last thing to lift. Do not over-arch your head back. Instead, look straight forward. Take a few deep breaths here to feel the elongation of the front body.

Move back and forth, bending forward and back several times, keeping all your joints soft and fluid and matching the movements to your breathing in whatever way feels most natural.

yoga sideLateral bending

Return to neutral for a few breaths, then turn your shoulders and hips to the right, toward one another, so that your entire left torso lengthens. Return to the center and then curl to the left, feeling the right torso elongate. Repeat this movement several times, breathing continuously. Again let your joints be soft, relaxed and fluid.

yoga rotationSpinal rotation

Return to the center and stretch your left leg back behind you. Grounding your left hand, turn your torso to the right and raise your right hand up toward the ceiling. Widen your chest and upper back as you elongate your left leg back. After a few breaths, return to the center and repeat on the other side.

This article was originally published on February 29, 2012.