The ABC’s of Natural Health

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The ABC’s of Natural Health

The ABC’s of natural Health
By Diane Olson


 

Welcome to Catalyst’s sixth annual guide to alternative and complemen­tary medicine. The field of alternative medicine is rich with techniques and therapies developed by healers from around the world and across the ages. Unlike conventional medicine, which views the body as a mechanical system, and proffers the same two solutions to every problem—surgery or drugs—alternative medicine sees the body as a network of channels that carry life energy (chi) and offers a giant’s toolbox of methods to clear blockages and strengthen the life force.
Some alternative therapies are thousands of years old; others have been conceived only in the last decade. While they may differ in their approaches, they all share a common belief in the body’s innate ability to heal itself, and a common goal to facilitate not just health, but physical, mental and spiritual well-being.
We hope this guide encourages you to explore the rich variety of alternative health therapies available to Catalyst readers; most are practiced right here along the Wasatch Front. Should you find one that resonates with you, be sure to do some additional research; learn more about the therapy itself, and learn all that you can about its practitioners. Always remember that one of the chief ideologies of alternative medicine is that the patient be educated and actively involved in the healing process.

Ayurvedic Medicine
Ayurveda, the oldest and most complicated medical system in the world, dating back to 3,000 B.C., is the basis of all Oriental medicine. Ayurvedic means “the science of life,” and it is said to have been developed by the same sages who crafted India’s original systems of meditation and yoga. The primary health care system used in India, Ayurveda is often practiced hand-in-hand with Western medicine in this country. A highly personalized regime, it categorizes patients into doshas, or body types, each with a specific lifestyle, diet and exercise plan.
Traditionally, practitioners diagnosed illness or imbalance based on physical observation, extensive discussion, and examination of the pulse, tongue and urine. However, practitioners may also use Western diagnostic tools. Ayurvedic practitioners regularly utilize diet, herbal tonics, exercise, yoga, meditation, massage, medicated inhalation, herbal sweat baths, medicated enemas, and panchakarma, an intensive detoxification process. In India, Ayurvedic physicians must attend a minimum of five years training. In the U.S. no specific license or training is required, though some medical schools offer specializations in Ayurvedic medicine.
Vedic Harmony, 942-5876

Chiropractic Healers have performed spinal adjustments for thousands of years. Records of the use of spinal manipulative therapy date to ancient Chinese and Greek medicine, but the principles of modern chiropractic medicine weren’t formalized until 1895, when physiologist and anatomist Daniel David Palmer set forth his theory that abnormal nerve function can cause medical disorders. Chiropractic medicine operates on the premise that our nervous system acts as a switchboard; therefore whenever there is nerve interference—caused by misalignments in the spine—not only will pain occur, but the body’s immune system will also be compromised. Palmer’s principles were not well received in the medical community, and some early chiropractors, including Palmer himself, were actually imprisoned.
Chiropractic is the second largest health system in America; only Western allopathic medicine is more widely practiced. Practitioners base their diagnoses on a standard physical examination, X-rays, palpation, and, in some cases, muscle response testing (MRT). Chiropractors may utilize adjustment, electrical stimulation, heat/cold therapy, ultrasound, acupressure/acupuncture, traction, herbs, nutritional counseling and exercise.
Chiropractic has been found to be highly effective at treating back, neck and shoulder pain, migraine, headache, strained vision, balance and coordination problems, sprains, arthritis, bursitis and menstrual difficulties.
Required training: a four-year accredited college, preceded by at least two years of undergraduate study. Required courses mirror those taught in allopathic medical school.
Bob Seiler, DC, 230-0166
Michael Cerami, DC, 486-1818
 

Homeopathy
Hygienist/toxicologist/psychiatrist Dr. Samuel Hahnemann developed this 180-year-old system in Germany as an alternative to what he considered the “barbaric” medical practices of the day, which included blood-letting and mercury-based laxatives. The term homeopathy was derived from Greek homoios, meaning similar, and pathos or suffering. Based on the principle that “like cures like,” homeopathy utilizes dilutions of illness-causing substances to provoke the immune system. In other words, the same substance that in large doses produces the illness is used in small doses to cure it. Homeopathic products may be made from plants such as aconite, arnica, dandelion or plantain; from minerals such as iron phosphate, arsenic oxide or sodium chloride; from the venom of poisonous snakes; from ink of the cuttlefish; or even from prescription drugs such as penicillin.
The World Health Organization has cited homeopathy as one of the systems of traditional medicine that should be integrated with conventional medicine worldwide to provide adequate global health care in this century. However, the U.S. has no nationally accepted standard or training for homeopaths.
Homeopathic medicine has been found to be most effective at treating chronic degenerative diseases, diabetes, arthritis, bronchial asthma, allergies, emotional disorders, colds, flu, headache, PMS, fatigue, back pain, respiratory infections, digestive disorders and postoperative infections.
Required training: Although there is no nationally accepted standard or training, certification programs are available. Naturopathic and Chinese medicine schools include training in homeopathy.
Eastside Natural Health Clinic, 474-3684
Salt Lake Homeopathy, 273-3986
 

Integrative Medicine
A new paradigm, integrative medicine blends allopathic with alternative medicine. While many alternative practitioners borrow from other fields, a growing number of Western MDs cross-train in alternative modalities. This allows them to take both the long (alternative) and the short (allopathic) view: a practitioner may start out using less invasive (and often less expensive) alternative therapies, and then turn to pharmaceuticals or surgery if the condition does not improve. Or they may combine treatments in order to address the patient’s emotional, physical and spiritual needs. Most integrative practitioners use conventional Western diagnostic procedures, but may also utilize Chinese and Ayurvedic methodologies. Integrative MDs are licensed to prescribe the full range of Western pharmaceuticals and procedures and employ homeopathic and herbal remedies, manipulative therapies, acupuncture and acupressure.
Required training: MD, with additional training in alternative modalities.
Todd Mangum, MD, 531-8340

Naturopathic Medicine
Though the term “naturopathy, which literally translates as “nature disease,” wasn’t coined until the late 19th century, naturopathic medicine’s philosophical roots extend all the way back to the first of Hippocrates’ six principles: First, do no harm. In the naturopathic medical system, disease is seen as a manifestation of the natural causes by which the body heals itself. Therefore, the physician does not wage war on the disease, but rather supports the body’s inherent ability to heal itself. Diagnostic procedures include a standard physical exam, allopathic diagnostic procedures, lifestyle assessment and discussion.
Naturopathic physicians may utilize diet and clinical nutrition, homeopathy, acupuncture, Ayurveda, herbal medicine, hydrotherapy, therapeutic exercise, spinal and soft tissue manipulation, psychological counseling, detoxification and physical therapies involving electrical current, ultrasound and light therapy.
Naturopathic medicine is commonly used to treat chronic and degenerative diseases, colds, flu, viruses, HIV/AIDS, heart disease, arthritis, prostate cancer, colon cancer, digestive disorders and skin problems. It is also used to support allopathic cancer treatments, as it can minimize the side effects and help strengthen the immune system.
Required training: Undergraduate pre-med, followed by a four-year, accredited, postgraduate, in-residence naturopathic medical program. In addition to the same basic sciences, diagnostics, pharmacology and minor surgery taught at conventional medical school, ND training includes therapeutic nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, classical Chinese medicine, hydrotherapy, naturopathic manipulative therapy and natural childbirth. Utah licensing laws also require one year of medical residency. Though licensed as primary physicians/general practitioners, naturopaths are not trained in major surgery or acute trauma care, and in Utah, are not licensed to prescribe Schedule 2 drugs.
Leslie Peterson, ND, 474-3684
Todd Cameron, ND, 486-4226
Uli Knorr, ND, 474-3684

Osteopathy
Founded by American physician Andrew Taylor Still around the time of the Civil War, osteopathy is a form of physical medicine which emphasizes the special role of the musculoskeletal system in relation to the organ systems. Today, osteopathy in the United States combines conventional medical practices with osteopathic manipulation, physical therapy and education about healthful posture and body positioning.
Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) believe the structure of the body is intimately related to its function — that joint mechanics, the action of ligaments, muscles and joint surfaces all influence the vascular and nervous systems, which in turn affect all the organs. By manipulating the musculoskeletal system, DOs aim to enhance the blood supply and nerve pathways throughout the body, thereby creating a balanced system.
Diagnostic procedures include conventional allopathic procedures (such as laboratory tests and x-rays), palpation, structural exam and gait assessment. Treatment may include joint manipulation, visceral manipulation, physical therapy, allopathic drugs, postural reeducation and allopathic drugs.
Osteopathic medicine has been found to be especially effective in the treatment of spinal and joint pain, arthritis, headache, respiratory problems, digestive disorders, fibromyalgia, menstrual problems, chronic pain, allergies, cardiac disease, chronic fatigue, high blood pressure, headaches, hypertension and sciatica.
Required training: Doctors of Osteopathy carry the same license and scope of practice as MDs. The osteopathic curriculum mirrors allopathic training except that it emphasizes preventive medicine and specializes in musculoskeletal manipulation.

Spiritual & Energetic Healing
Energetic/spiritual healing is one of the oldest and most fundamental forms of healing. It is based on the belief that each of us carries an energetic matrix deep within, a pattern of perfect psychological and physical health upon which our bodies and minds may draw for healing. Energetic healers use energy, light and color techniques to help the client break free from afflictions and limitations of the body, mind and spirit.

Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a complete system of healing, dating in written form back to 200 BC. It contends that optimum health depends upon the harmonious flow of chi along the body’s meridians and focuses on prevention rather than treatment. Health is viewed as a balance of two opposing and inseparable forces: yin and yang. Yin represents the cold, slow or passive principle, while yang represents the hot, excited or active principle. Disease is believed to result when either becomes dominant.
Diagnosis is based on examination of the pulses and tongue, and muscle response testing (MRT) may be used as well. Practitioners utilize acupuncture, herbs, massage and moxibustion (burning herbs on an acupuncture point). Many also employ NAET, CranioSacral massage, energy work and flower essences.
Traditional Chinese medicine has been found to be most effective at treating acute infectious diseases, AIDS, allergies, autoimmune disorders, asthma, chronic degenerative diseases, diabetes, headache, heart disease, high blood pressure, gall bladder disease, all types of gynecological disorders, migraine, sciatica and sinusitis. An excellent complement to Western medicine, it can minimize the side effects of many allopathic treatments, while reinforcing their positive effects.
Required training: A four-year Doctor of Oriental Medicine (DOM) degree, preceded by a minimum of an associate’s degree from an accredited college.
Center for Enhanced Wellness,
596-9998
Gene Harkins, ND, 273-3986
Jim Spears, MS, LAc, 643-0186

Lin Bin, OMD, LAc, 596-9998

Lynn Morgan, MSOM, LAc, RN,633-5253
Natalie Clausen, LAc, 359-2705
Regan Archibald, 582-2011
Robert Zeng, OMD, LAc, 596-9998

Acupuncture
Acupuncture originated in China around 3,000 years ago, based on the belief that health is determined by a balanced flow of chi, or energy, through the body’s 12 major energy pathways or meridians. Practitioners insert slender needles into combinations of the 1,000-plus acupoints in the body to rebalance chi and consequently relieve pain and restore health. In the 1960s, a team of researchers in Korea, attempting to document the existence of meridians, discovered an independent series of fine, ductlike tubes corresponding to the paths originally mapped by the Chinese nearly 5,000 years ago.
Far from being a painful ordeal, acupuncture treatments are simultaneously stimulating and relaxing. Acupuncture has been proven to be an effective treatment for a wide range of acute, chronic and degenerative conditions, including addiction, allergies, asthma, arthritis, carpal tunnel, chronic fatigue, chronic pain, depression, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, fibromyalgia, hot flashes, irritable bowel syndrome, Ménière’s disease, migraine, morning sickness, osteoarthritis, PMS, rheumatoid arthritis, sinusitis, sciatica, stroke, tonsillitis and more.
Required training: A national competency exam for acupuncture is given by the National Commission for the Certification of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM). To sit for this board, a student must attend a graduate school program in traditional Chinese medicine for three to four years. Upon passing this exam, an acupuncturist is awarded the title “Diplomat of Acupuncture.” In Utah, NCCAOM certification, plus a Utah laws and rules exam, is required to attain the title of Licensed Acupuncturist (LAc). MDs, DOs and chiropractors may also use acupuncture as a sideline, though their training is usually minimal compared to that of an NCCAOM certified practitioner.
For practitioners, see listing under Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Alexander Technique
Created by Frederick Matthias Alexander, a 20th century Shakespearean actor, Alexander Technique uses subtle hands-on guidance, verbal instruction and gentle bodywork to teach simple and efficient ways of moving, in order to improve gait, posture, balance and coordination, and to relieve tension and pain. Alexander Technique is beneficial for anyone with back, shoulder or neck problems or for those who have had orthopedic surgery.
Required training: Three-year (1776-hour) Alexander Technique certification program, preceded by at least 30 private lessons with a certified instructor.
Cathy Pollock, 230-7661

Aromatherapy
Aromatherapy — the therapeutic use of essential oils distilled from plants — is often used in conjunction with other therapies. Its origin is often traced to the French chemist Rene-Maurice Gattefosse, who is said to have poured lavender oil onto his hand after accidentally burning himself. He believed that the pain, redness and skin damage healed more quickly than expected, and began to study the effects of essential oils on the body.
Aromatherapy can be effective in the treatment of migraine, anxiety, tension, insomnia, chronic pain, asthma and other respiratory ailments. It is particularly popular during the cold and flu season, as many oils have antiviral, antibacterial or antiseptic properties.
Required training: No formal certification process is required, though various organizations offer accreditation. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training and experience.
Avenues Day Spa, 519-8181
Scentsations, 364-0168

Colon Hydrotherapy
Colonic irrigation may have been used as early as ancient times in Egypt, China, India and Greece. This practice gained some popularity in 19th century European spas and has been used in modern times for general well-being and a variety of other conditions.
Colon hydrotherapy, the gentle filling and emptying of the colon, is used to improve peristaltic activity and aid in more efficient waste removal. Practitioners also use gentle massage, reflexology and nutrition to restore proper function and aid digestion and elimination. It is used to treat many ailments, including constipation, diarrhea, headache, backache, fatigue, bad breath, body odor, irritability, mental confusion, skin problems, abdominal gas and bloating, weight gain, food allergies and immune dysfunction. Colon hydrotherapy, the gentle filling and emptying of the colon, is used to improve peristaltic activity and aid in more efficient waste removal. Practitioners also use gentle massage, reflexology and nutrition to restore proper function and aid digestion and elimination.
Required training: Minimum 100 hours of training from an I-ACT-certified school.
Karen Schiff, Certified Colon Hydrotherapist, 541-3064

Color Therapy/Colorpuncture
Color therapy uses colored lights and visualization techniques to treat both physical and mental disorders and to stimulate the healing process. Color, light or phototherapy using single or mixed colors, sometimes from a laser, may be shined on the whole body or on particular chakras. The Luscher Color Test is said to indicate mood and personality.
Colorpuncture combines color therapy with acupressure to clear chi blockages and uses Kirlian photographs to track progress.
Required training: Varies. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training and experience.
Barbara Jenson, LMT, 466-8944
Mary Nickle, LMT, 530-0633

Consegrity Therapy
A gentle, hands-on energetic technique, Consegrity therapy works with the electromagnetic balance of the body to support the immune system and clear blocked energy. Consegrity has been used to treat a wide range of health problems, including ADD/ADHD, allergies, depression, diabetes, heart disease, HIV, chronic fatigue, asthma, fibromyalgia, lower back pain and headache.
Gillian Lesnevich, 573-5553
Megan Hanrahan, 261-8001

CranioSacral Therapy
The craniosacral system includes the brain and spinal cord, the cerebrospinal fluid which bathes them, the meninges which enclose them, and the bones of the spine and skull that house the meninges. Craniosacral therapy practitioners touch areas of the patient lightly to sense the cranial rhythm impulse of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), said to be similar to feeling the pulse of blood vessels. Practitioners then use subtle manipulations over the skull and other areas with the aim of restoring balance by removing restrictions to CSF movement, a process that purports to help the body heal itself and improve a wide range of conditions.
Craniosacral therapy is beneficial to newborns and infants who have had difficult deliveries or inadequate prenatal nutrition, or who suffer from earaches, sinus congestion, vomiting, irritability or hyperactivity. In adults it is used to treat autism, cerebral palsy, chronic pain, dizziness, dyslexia, epilepsy, headache, mood disorders, spinal cord injury, stroke, tinnitus and TMJ.
Required training: Must be a licensed massage therapist (LMT). Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.
See listings under Massage.

Detoxification Therapy
Traditional detox therapy utilizes fasts and raw fruit and vegetable diets to eliminate or neutralize the toxic buildup of chemicals and pollutants in the body. It is used to treat a variety of disturbances, including allergies, arthritis, decreased immune function, cardiovascular problems, decreased hormonal function, diabetes, neurotoxicity, obesity, and psychological disturbances. Physicians often recommend detoxification as part of an overall cleansing regimen, which may also include aromatherapy, colonic irrigation, hydrotherapy, massage, manual lymphatic drainage and yoga.
Buprenorphine detoxification is used to aid in the withdrawl from opiates, including heroin, oxycontin, vicodin, percocet, codeine and demerol. Buprenorphine, a prescription medication that is itself weakly addictive, has a lower risk of overdose and fewer side effects than methadone. Its effects last for about three days. Buprenorphine has revolutionized detoxification from opiates, as it decreases or ends drug cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
Required training: Varies. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training and experience.
Eastside Natural Health Clinic, 474-3684

Ear Candling
This ancient therapy has been used since 2500 BC to remove blockages from the ear canal and clear sinus passages of wax and fungus. Today, as in ancient times, a handmade conical beeswax and cotton candle is gently inserted into the ear canal; as it burns, wax and fungus deposits are drawn from deep within the ear canal, and either burned off, or deposited in the bottom part of the candle. Anyone with hearing or sinus problems will benefit from ear candling, as will musicians — particularly singers and horn players — who often have more wax buildup than most people. You can buy ear candles at health food stores, and do it at home with a partner.
Required training: No formal training required. Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.
EMF Balancing Technique
EMF Balancing Technique is an energetic system designed to work with the “universal calibration lattice,” a model of the energetic body. According to originator Peggy Phoenix Dubro, the technique utilizes the human-to-human effect upon the electromagnetic field, providing the framework necessary to integrate spirit and biology.
Required training: 33 hours of study.
Maggie Hopffgarten, 815-7799

Feldenkrais
A sports injury drove Moshe Feldenkrais, a nuclear physicist, to explore the functioning of the muscular system. A blending of martial arts, physiology, anatomy, psychology and neurology, Feldenkrais incorporates Awareness through Movement, a slow, gentle sequence of movement which seeks to replace old patterns with new ones, and Functional Integration, in which the practitioner gently touches or moves the student in a wide variety of ways to facilitate awareness, learning, and vitality. Feldenkrais can help restore movement and loss of balance caused by back problems, injury, stress, pain and chronic disease.
Required training: Four year certification program.

Flower Remedies
“Behind all disease lies our fears, our anxieties, our greed, our likes and dislikes,” wrote British physician Edward Bach, who created Bach Flower Remedies in the early 1930s, to complement other physical and psychological therapies. Bach believed that illness is the effect of disharmony between body and mind and that symptoms of an illness are the external expression of negative emotional states. Bach classified various emotions into seven principal categories, which he then divided further into 38 negative feelings, each of which was associated with a particular therapeutic plant. He also developed a compound of five flowers called Rescue Remedy to be used in emergency situations for trauma.
Today, flower remedies are used to treat anxiety, asthma, behavioral problems, chronic fatigue, decreased immune function, depression, drug abuse, headache, migraine, and acute emotional and physical trauma.
Required training: Varies. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training and experience.
Dynamic Touch, 486-6267

Guided Imagery
Guided imagery harnesses the power of the imagination to evoke positive physical responses. According to practitioners, good worriers —particularly those who can literally worry themselves sick—are excellent candidates for guided imagery. Oncologist O. Carl Simonton pioneered its use in cancer treatment in the early 1970s, as a means of reinforcing and enhancing traditional medical treatment. Guided imagery is routinely recommended by physical and mental health practitioners to reduce stress, slow heart rate, stimulate the immune system, reduce pain and decrease healing time. It can also be effective in treating chronic abdominal pain, functional urinary complaints, high blood pressure, obesity, PMS and spastic colon.
Required training: Varies. Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.
Patricia Toomey, ADTR, LPC, 463-4646

Hellerwork
Hellerwork was created to structurally realign the body and facilitate an awareness of the body/mind through deep touch, movement education and verbal dialogue. Developed by Joseph Heller, first president of the Rolf Institute, Hellerwork patterns its mechanical aspect after Rolfing. Eleven sessions are generally recommended.
Required training: 1250 hours of classroom and home study.

Herbology
The word “drug” comes from the old Dutch word drogge meaning to dry, and dried plants are the most ancient and commonly used form of health care in the world.
Required training: Many health practitioners utilize herbs in their practice, and no license is required to do so. However, the National Commission for the Certification of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) has developed a competency exam in Chinese Herbology. Those who pass this exam are awarded the title Diplomat of Chinese Herbology (Dipl. C.H.)
Millcreek Herbs, 466-1632
Also see listings under Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Hydrotherapy
Hydrotherapy, also called balneotherapy, involves the use of water in any form or at any temperature (steam, liquid, ice) for the purpose of healing. It is among the oldest and simplest of healing tools, and has been used medicinally for thousands of years by many cultures, including ancient China, Japan, India, Rome, Greece, the Americas and the Middle East. Modern hydrotherapy can be traced to the development of “water cure” spas in 19th century Europe.
Many traditional and alternative practitioners prescribe baths, Jacuzzis, steam, saunas, mineral baths, wraps, rubs, flushes, fasts, enemas, colonic irrigation, douches, sitz baths and compresses, and hydrotherapy is been used to treat numerous conditions, including low back pain, hemorrhoids, skin bacteria, knee rehabilitation, labial edema during pregnancy, fibromyalgia, heart failure, arthritis, burns, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, common cold, diabetes mellitus, pain, insomnia and varicose veins.
Required training: Varies. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training and experience.
Cliff Spa, 933-2225

Hypnotherapy
Hypnotherapy-like practices were used in ancient Egypt, Babylon, Greece, Persia, Britain, Scandinavia, America, Africa, India and China, and it is mentioned in The Bible, Talmud and Hindu Vedas. In the 18th century, hypnotherapy was used by Austrian Franz Anton Mesmer to facilitate behavioral, emotional and attitudinal changes, but when his technique failed to work for Freud, it was dismissed as quackery. However, in 1958, the American Medical Association endorsed hypnotherapy for a variety of uses.
Hypnotherapy uses both the power of suggestion and trancelike states (during which body chemistry actually changes) to access the subconscious to effect change. Today it is commonly used to help people stop smoking, lose weight, control pain and overcome addictions, as well as to treat stress, sleep disorders, anxiety, fear, phobias, depression and headaches.
Required training: Certified hypnotherapists must complete 150 to 200 classroom training hours at an American Council of Hypnotist Examiners-approved school and pass written and practical tests. Thirty hours of continuing education must be completed every two years for recertification.
Annette Pieper, 230-9534
Catherine Patillo, 864-4545
Daniel Silberberg, PhD, 231-2439
Joyce Sohler, 487-6536
Marilynne Moffitt, PhD, 266-4551
Sally Owen, MTP, 891-6540
Utah School of Hypnosis, 484-7546

Injection Therapies
Mesotherapy, myofascial triggerpoint injection, prolotherapy and neural therapy are injection therapies often used by naturopathic and integrative physicians to control pain and stimulate healing.
Intravenous Micronutrient Therapy [IVMT]: Some chronic conditions cause the depletion of micronutrients in the body, especially magnesium. IVMT allows high concentrations of these crucial nutrients to be absorbed into the cells. IVMT is used to treat chronic fatigue syndrome and is being investigated as a treatment for fibromyalgia. It can also be used to boost the immune system and improve physical performance.
Mesotherapy: Mesotherapy is considered mainstream medicine in France, where doctors use it regularly to treat acute sports injuries. Homeopathic medicines are injected immediately beneath the skin—a mere 1 mm to 4 mm deep—and allowed to slowly diffuse into deeper tissue for up to a week at a time. Many European physicians also use mesotherapy as a means to break down cellulite, injecting substances to stimulate the mesoderm, or middle layer of skin, which in turn improves circulation and lymphatic and venous drainage.
Myofascial Triggerpoint Therapy: Myofascial trigger points are areas of muscles that become stuck in chronic spasm. Practitioners inject the points with local anesthetic to rinse out metabolic waste and allow the points to relax, restoring normal blood flow and function.
Neural Therapy: Neural therapy has been widely used in Europe and South America since the 1940s, though it has only recently been introduced in North America. For reasons not completely understood, an injury in one part of the body can cause pain in another. By injecting a solution of mild anesthetic, botanicals, homeopathic medicines and nutrients into nerve sites, acupuncture points, scars or other tissues, pain can often be relieved elsewhere.
Prolotherapy: Prolotherapy, sometimes called Stimulated Ligament Repair, uses a solution of dextrose and mild local anesthetics injected into an injured ligament or tendon. This causes a localized, controlled inflammation, which increases blood supply to the area and stimulates tissue repair. The American Association of Orthopedic Medicine recommends prolotherapy for relief of acute pain and chronic pain “emanating from the cervical spine (neck), thoracic spine (midback), lumbar spine/sacroiliac region (low back), upper limb (shoulder-elbow-wrist-hand) and the lower limb (hip-knee-ankle-foot).”
Required training: MD, ND or DO.
Harry Adleson, ND, 582-3260

Integrated Awareness
Created by Lansing Barrett Gresham, Integrated Awareness works with the physical structure to revise beliefs, sending energy to or through the physical or energetic structure to facilitate increased health and happiness. Workshops consist of teaching, floor work and table sessions. Participants discover how patterns of thinking, feeling and believing manifest themselves and how taking note of structural patterns gives insight into the beliefs that shape our lives.
Required training: A series of workshops, usually over a three-year period.
Julie Nichols, PhD, 226-3031
The Awareness Option, 554-1735
Jaffe-Mellor Technique/JMT
JMT is a bioenergetic system created to neutralize pathogens and accelerate the healing of worn joints, tissues and organs. JMT utilizes kinesiology, acupressure and other techniques to alleviate the symptoms of chronic diseases such as osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Crohn’s disease, colitis, myasthenia gravis, scleroderma and multiple sclerosis.
Required training: 1- to 2-day seminar.
Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.

Jala Neti
Jala neti, also called nasal irrigation, is a method of nasal cleansing originating in the yoga tradition. Practiced for thousands of years, it is believed to clear the sinus cavity and the mind. Physicians in the 19th century promoted nasal irrigation for routine cleansing. In modern times, nasal irrigation is becoming more widely accepted as a home remedy for treating allergies, colds and sinus infections. There is growing scientific evidence supporting the use of nasal irrigation for these conditions. Supporters of this therapy assert that it is more soothing and less expensive than many over-the-counter drugs, and it lacks side effects such as drowsiness or upset stomach that may be associated with other therapies.
Delivery methods include the traditional neti (irrigation) pot, nasal sprayer, bulb syringe, cupped hand and commercially available devices. The strength of the saline solution depends on the amount of salt added to the water. Additives have included antibiotics, vasoconstrictors (which narrow the blood vessels) and buffers (which reduce acidity).
Talk to your health care practitioner about how best to utilize this technique.

Kinesiology
Also known as muscle response testing (MRT), kinesiology was developed in 1964 by American chiropractor George Goodheart as a way to identify electromagnetic blockages in the body. By stimulating or relaxing key muscles, practitioners can diagnose and resolve a variety of problems including structural imbalances, joint problems, musculoskeletal imbalances, food allergies, nerve dysfunction, circulatory problems, organ or gland dysfunction, digestive disorders, vitamin and mineral deficiencies and allergies. Kinesiology is commonly used as a diagnostic tool by chiropractors and acupuncturists. (A similar practice based on kinesiology is called biokinetic testing.)
Required training: Varies. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training/experience.
Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.

Massage Therapy
Massage is the most popular form of bodywork in the United States, and one of the oldest healing modalities known to humankind. Egyptian carvings dating back to 2200 BC depict foot massage. The word massage is Arabic for “stroke,” and massage therapists use everything from long, light, feathery fingertip strokes, to hacking, pummeling, cupping, plucking percussion strokes, to deep tissue strokes that use the elbow to manipulate the covering (fascia) over the muscles.
There are many types of massage—Swedish/Western, circulatory, Mayan abdominal, myotherapy, Jamu, Thai, lymphatic, vibrational healing (VHMT), neuromuscular, sports, seated, Okazaki restorative, hot stone, orthopedic, myofascial release, trigger point, aromatherapy—and all have slightly different focuses and purposes.
Studies have proved that therapeutic physical massage reduces heart rate, lowers blood pressure and causes the brain to release endorphins, the brain’s natural opiatelike substances that promote stress reduction. Dozens of acute and long-term conditions can be improved by massage, including asthma, back pain, bronchitis, chronic fatigue, depression, edema, heart disease, hypertension, menstrual cramps, muscle spasms, PMS, Raynaud’s disease, sciatica, stress, stroke, tendonitis and varicose veins.
Required training: Minimum 600 hours training.
Alternative Health Care, 533-2464
Angela Rhineheart, LMT, 532-6939
Bill Wagner, LMT, 582-2275
Body Alive!, 414-3812
Carl Rabke, LMT, 961-8675
Catherine Patillo, 864-4545
Elizabeth Williams, LMT, 486-6267
Europe Massage Emporium, 943-1188
Focus Bodywork, 359-5149
Four Winds Healing Arts Center, 521-8448
Healing Hands, 641-5883
Healing Mountain Massage School,
355-6300
Healing Touch, 973-7849
jovo Therapies, 558-5245
Laying-on-Hands Healing, 435-752-2946
Leah Mitchell, LMT, 671-0774
Lucia Gardner, LMT, NCTMB, 595-6335
Luminaris, 637-0905
Myotherapy College, 484-7624
Namaste Spa, 502-4109
Patty Lisieski, LMT, 694-9995
Pride Massage, 486-5500
Spiritwolf Healing Arts, 870-5613
Time Out Associates, 530-0633
Unified Source Healing Arts, 949-0112
Utah College of Massage Therapy,
1-800-617-3302
Yvonne Ralston, 718-3407
The Oxygen Bar Metro Spa, 428-3020

Meditation/Prayer
Whether you bow to Mecca, sit in meditation, or recite the rosary or the Lord’s Prayer, faith really can heal, or at least facilitate healing. Hundreds of clinical studies show that regular meditation or prayer is conducive to better health, particularly if your practice synchronizes the repetition of a word, sound or movement with the out breath. Some forms of meditation, such as Transcendental Meditation, focus on an out-of-body experience, using guided imagery to find healing and relaxation outside of the body’s present experience. Body-oriented meditations, on the other hand, focus on being present in the body and utilize breathing, yoga and tai chi to find joy and relaxation.
Meditation has proven effective in treatment of anxiety disorders, arthritis, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic pain conditions, heart disease, high blood pressure and migraines.
Center for Transpersonal Therapy, 596-0147
First Congregational Church, 487-1357
Goddess Circle (Dianic Wiccan), 466-7083
Holladay United Church of Christ, 277-2631
Inner Light Center, 268-1137
Insight Meditation Circle, 466-2445
Kanzeon Zen Center, 328-8414
South Valley Unitarian Universalist Society, 944-9723
Stephen Proskauer, 631-8426
Time Out Associates, 530-0633
Urgyen Samten Ling Gongpa, 328-4629
Vedic Harmony, 942-5876

Midwifery
Midwifery approaches childbirth as a natural, nonpathological process and relies on technology only when it is medically necessary. As a result, women under the care of a certified nurse midwife (CNM) are less likely to have a cesarean section or an episiotomy and are more likely to experience a vaginal birth after a previous cesarean section. Midwifery encourages natural birth training methods, such as the Bradley Method, Lamaze and Hypnobirthing, as well as prenatal massage and counseling.
CNM provide primary care to women of childbearing age, including preconception, prenatal, labor, delivery and newborn care, gynecological exams, assistance with family planning, menopausal management and counseling in health maintenance and disease prevention. They are qualified to administer drugs and perform some medical procedures, but must be assisted by an MD during delivery.
Doulas provide physical, emotional and informational support before, during and immediately following childbirth. They are essentially birth coaches and advocates and work in homes, hospitals and birth centers.
Required training: Certified nurse midwives are required to have a registered nurse degree (RN) and a certificate of midwifery obtained from the American College of Nurse-Midwives, following at least a year’s training in obstetrics and gynecology.
Doulas must attend a professional labor support training program and go through an apprenticeship to become licensed.
All for Women Health Care, 746-7467
Birth & Family Place, 278-3102
Elizabeth Nelson, prenatal massage,
647-2029
Lucia Gardner, prenatal and abdominal massage, 595-6335
The Bradley Method, Alyssa Bray, 359-3159

Nambudripad’s Allergy Elimination Technique (NAET)
Named for Dr. Devi Nambudripad, the Indian nurse/acupuncturist/chiropractor who created the technique in 1986, NAET is an amalgamation of kinesiology, acupuncture, acupressure and chiropractic. NAET practitioners believe genetic predisposition, poor digestion, exposure to toxins, overuse of antibiotics and other drugs, and poor nutrition and emotions cause allergies; and that allergies—food allergies in particular— lie at the root of virtually all imbalances and disease. Anxiety, arthritis, ADD/ADHD, auto-immune disorders, cancer, candida, colitis, depression, addictions, fibromyalgia, herpes, indigestion, joint pain, migraines, obesity and thyroid disorders have all been treated with NAET, as well as acute conditions, such as spider bites, colds and flu. The method is most commonly used by acupuncturists, though some chiropractors, allergenists and naturopaths also train in NAET.
Required training: Must be licensed medical practitioner with a current license and attend one basic NAET course (two full days or 16 hours intense training), one advanced training (two full days or 16 hours) and pass written and practical exams.
See listings under Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Kimerly Wagstaff, 201-5887
Thomas Anderson, 272-9989

Network Spinal Analysis
Network spinal analysis (NSA) is a system of assessing and contributing to spinal and neural integrity for overall health and wellness. Using precise and gentle touch, NSA practitioners reposition the spine to reduce nerve interference and restore function. During treatment, two “healing waves” develop: A breathing wave, which releases tension throughout the spine and body, and a somatopsychic (or body-mind) wave, which is associated with a dolphin-type undulation or movement of the spine. Wellness profiles and clinical assessment are also utilized to determine a course for continued healing and improved quality of life. Network spinal analysis is used to treat a range of physical complaints including dizziness, eczema, headaches, cramps, pain and stiffness, and to improve overall wellness.
Required training: Licensed chiropractor and postgraduate training.
Michael Cerami, DC, 486-1818

Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)
Developed in the early 1970s by John Grinder, a professor of linguistics, and Richard Bandler, a student of mathematics and psychology, NLP can help people detect and reprogram unconscious patterns of thought and behavior in order to enhance the healing process. By asking questions and reading autonomic body changes, NLP practitioners discover how a client relates to issues of identity, personal beliefs and life goals. They can then teach them how to tap into their own positive way of healing, based on how they process information and view their health condition. NLP has proven to be helpful for people suffering from AIDS, cancer, allergies, arthritis, Parkinson’s, migraines, stress-related problems and post-traumatic stress syndrome.
Required training: 100-plus hours of training over five months.
Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.

Nutritional Therapy
These days, knowing which foods to avoid is as important as knowing which to eat. Over 2,000 food additives—artificial colors, flavors and sweeteners, texturizers, stabilizers, antimicrobials and antioxidants—are permitted by the FDA. Some may exacerbate or create both acute and chronic health problems. A medical nutritionist or doctor of Ayurvedic, naturopathic, integrative or Chinese medicine can assess your “biochemical individuality” to create a diet to help manage or prevent health problems.
Required training: Varies. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training and experience.
Annette Pieper, 230-9534
Patricia King, 792-3700
Tresa Stitley, 260-0265

Passive Positional Therapy
Passive positional therapy is a gentle, hands-on therapy for the treatment of chronic and acute muscular pain and for increasing range of motion. Therapists conduct a posture evaluation, and then place the affected muscles in a position of comfort for 90 seconds, activating an automatic resetting of muscle spindles. Passive positional therapy is used to treat pain due to injury, stress, repetitive strain, postural distortion and chronic neuromuscular conditions.
Required training: Must be an LMT, plus specialized training.
Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.

Pilates Method
Pilates, a full-body exercise system, emphasizes body alignment and correct breathing. With the help of an instructor, clients perform strength, flexibility, and range-of-motion exercises on specially designed equipment. Among the first people to use the Pilates Method, which was developed in the 1920s by physical trainer Joseph H. Pilates, were dancers/ choreographers Martha Graham and George Balanchine. The eight principles of Pilates training are concentration, precision, control, flowing, movement, centering, breathing and routine.
Required training: 96 hours of lectures, 750 hours of apprenticeship, plus written, performance and practical exams.
Claudia Flores, 486-2660
Streamline, 474-1156
YogaSpace, 944-YOGA

Polarity Therapy
Developed by Randolph Stone, DC, DO, ND, polarity therapy is a Western body/mind therapy based on the Eastern concept of chi. Polarity therapy employs massage, pressure point therapy, joint manipulation, breathing techniques, hydrotherapy, exercise, reflexology, dietary counseling and emotional balancing to remove blockages and ensure the proper flow of chi.
Required training: Must be an LMT with 100 hours specialized polarity therapy training.
Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.

Qigong/Tai Chi
Qigong is a 5,000-year-old self-healing art which combines meditation, relaxation, physical movement, mind-body integration and breathing exercises. Tai Chi, a system of slowly flowing movements and shifts of balance, is the physical movement aspect of qigong. The practice of qigong/tai chi has been proved to improve oxygen uptake; reduce blood pressure; slow the decline of cardiovascular power; decrease pain; increase bone density, strength, range of motion and flexibility; dissipate stress and improveimmune function.
Required training: Varies. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training/experience.

Reflexology
Reflex areas in the hands and feet correlate to every area of the body, including organs and glands. By applying direct pressure to these reflex points, practitioners can release energy blockages and break down accumulations of lactic acid and calcium crystals around nerve endings. Widely used in Europe, reflexology is used to relieve stress and tension, stimulate deep relaxation, improve circulation and decrease pain.
Required training: No formal training required. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training and experience.
See listings under Massage.
Michael Cowley, 558-2505

Reiki/Seichim
Reiki is the Japanese word for universal life force energy, and practitioners of this ancient energetic healing modality act as conduits for that energy. The reiki is believed to enter through the top of the practitioner’s head and exit through the hands to be directed into the recipient’s body or energy field. Seichim (pronounced say-kim) is a Reiki system which traces its origins back to the Shin Yon Buddhists who traveled to Egypt to be initiated into the ancient mystery schools. Seichim means “mystery” or “sacred might.”
Required training: No formal certification required. The term “Reiki Master.” traditionally signifies at least three years as a Reiki practitioner, and one year as an apprentice to a Reiki master.
Annette Pieper, 230-9534
Carol Wilson, 359-2352
Catherine Patillo, 864-4545
Elizabeth Williams, 486-6267
Leah Mitchell, 671-0774
Lilli DeCair, 533-2444
Rolfing & Structural Integration
Rolfing, aka Structural Integration, invented by biochemist Ida P. Rolf, is a form of deep tissue bodywork that uses deep manipulation of the fascia, or connective tissue, to restore the body’s natural alignment, which often becomes rigid through injury, emotional trauma and inefficient movement habits. Rolfers use finger, knuckle and elbow pressure to release fascial adhesion and lift, lengthen and balance the body segments. An intense and highly effective therapy, Rolfing involves 10 sessions, each focusing on a different area of the body.
Training requirements for Structural Integration certification: LMT license, plus 250 hours specialized training. Training requirements for Rolfing certification: LMT license, plus approximately 800 hours specialized training at the Rolf Institute.
Carl Rabke, 961-8675
Sibel Iren, 520-1470
Yvonne Ralston, 718-3407

Rosen Method
Rosen Method creator Marion Rosen sees the body’s tensions as indications of unexpressed feelings and suppressed aspects of the self. Her method uses gentle touch and verbal communication to draw the client’s attention to these areas of holding, allowing them to release the associated pain, tension and emotional blockage.
Required training: Six intensive workshops, plus 1 to 2 year apprenticeship.
Jen Tarchin, 364-0332

Shamanic/Indigenous Medicine
Shamanic healing is intuitive medicine at its most basic. The role of the shaman is to mediate between the visible and the invisible world: Practitioners see themselves as conduits of healing energy from a spiritual source. While healing techniques are unique to each group, all subscribe to the belief that illness results when the body’s harmony with nature is disrupted. Cures are approached first at the spiritual level, then the physical, emotional and societal. Herbs are commonly prescribed, as is laying on of hands, prayer, dietary changes, drumming, dancing, and purification through fasting and sweats.
Required training: No formal license is required, though various schools across the country offer certification. Ask your practitioner about his or her level of training and experience.
Jen Tarchin, 364-0332
John Knowlton, 263-3838
Naomi Silverstone, 209-1095
Sarah Sifers, 531-8051

Shiatsu
Literally meaning “finger pressure” in Japanese, shiatsu uses a firm sequence of rhythmic pressure holds on specific points for three to 10 seconds to awaken the acupuncture meridians. A widely used form of acupressure, shiatsu has been used in Japan for more than 1,000 years to treat pain and illness, and for general health maintenance.
Required training: 150 hours for
certification.
Ask your health care practitioners if they are trained in this technique.

Sound Therapy
Chanting, drumming and clapping hands were the healer’s earliest tools. Sound and music have a powerful effect on the human body and brain: they can alter skin temperature, increase cerebral circulation, stimulate mental lucidity and promote mental and physical endurance. Sound therapy is now used in some hospitals (before, after and even during surgery), hospices (musical thanatology), dentist offices, therapists’ offices, nursing homes, waiting rooms and schools. Chants, nature sounds and the tones from tuning forks and crystal bowls have been proved to significantly reduce stress in surgical patients, as well as improve their ability to withstand pain.
Required training: No formal license is required, though various schools across the country offer certification.
Sally Owen, MTP, 891-6540
Barbara Jenson, LMT, 466-8944

Therapeutic Touch
Developed in 1972 by Dolores Krieger, PhD, RN, Therapeutic Touch is a form of energy work combining visualization, the laying on of hands and aura therapy. Generally there is little or no physical contact; the practitioner typically places his or her hands two to six inches away from the patient. In clinical studies, Therapeutic Touch has been shown to have physiological effects, including altering enzyme activity, increasing hemoglobin levels and accelerating the healing of wounds.
Required training: 35-hour course for certification.
Ask your practitioners if they are trained in this technique.

Theta Healing
Theta brain waves are associated with REM sleep and very deep meditation. Theta healing, created by medical intuitive Vianna Stibal, is an energetic/spiritual healing modality in which the practitioner goes into the theta brain wave meditative state to facilitate physical, energetic and spiritual healing. Practitioners often use Theta healing in conjunction with other modalities, such as massage or acupuncture, to address a wide variety of health problems and spiritual and emotional issues.
Required training: Two- to four-day workshop for certification.
Ask your practitioners if they are trained in this technique.

Trager
Developed in 1927 by Milton Trager, MD, Trager is a form of bodywork and movement reeducation which uses gentle, rhythmical touch combined with a series of playful movement exercises. Practitioners are taught to feel how the client is holding his or her body, and by applying gentlegentle rocking, pulling and rotational movements to the head, torso and appendages, are able to loosen tense muscles and stiff joints. The movements, in turn, provoke a sense of deep relaxation, which practitioners believe the unconscious learns to mimic.

 
 
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